Antioxidant Activity and Toxicity Study of Cerium Oxide Nanoparticles Stabilized with Innovative Functional Copolymers



G. Goujon, V. Baldim, C. Roques, N. Bia, J. Seguin, B. Palmier, A. Graillot, C. Loubat, N. Mignet, I. Margaill, J.-F. Berret, V. Beray-Berthat


Advanced Healthcare Materials, 10 (11), 2100059


23rd April 2021



Oxidative stress, which is one of the main harmful mechanisms of pathologies including ischemic stroke, contributes to both neurons and endothelial cell damages, leading to vascular lesions. Although many antioxidants are tested in preclinical studies, no treatment is currently available for stroke patients. Since cerium oxide nanoparticles (CNPs) exhibit remarkable antioxidant capacities, the objective is to develop an innovative coating to enhance CNPs biocompatibility without disrupting their antioxidant capacities or enhance their toxicity. This study reports the synthesis and characterization of functional polymers and their impact on the enzyme-like catalytic activity of CNPs. To study the toxicity and the antioxidant properties of CNPs for stroke and particularly endothelial damages, in vitro studies are conducted on a cerebral endothelial cell line (bEnd.3). Despite their internalization in bEnd.3 cells, coated CNPs are devoid of cytotoxicity. Microscopy studies report an intracellular localization of CNPs, more precisely in endosomes. All CNPs reduces glutamate-induced intracellular production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in endothelial cells but one CNP significantly reduces both the production of mitochondrial superoxide anion and DNA oxidation. In vivo studies report a lack of toxicity in mice. This study therefore describes and identifies biocompatible CNPs with interesting antioxidant properties for ischemic stroke and related pathologies.


antioxidants, catalytic activity, cerium oxide, polymer coatings, toxicity

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