Theoretical and empirical approaches to understanding the effect of phosphonate groups on the thermal degradation for two chemically modified PMMA

phosphorus flame retardants flax fabrics


H. Vahabi, L. Ferry, C. Longuet, R. Sonnier, C. Negrell-Guirao, C. David, J. -M. Lopez-Cuesta


European Polymer Journal, 48(3), 604-612


January 2012


The influence of phosphonated groups on thermal degradation and flammability has been investigated in the case of two chemically modified PMMA. Thermogravimetric analysis as well as pyrolysis combustion flow calorimetry have been used to define the efficiency of phosphorus in both condensed and vapor phases. A theoretical study was also performed to determine the contribution of phosphonated groups to the effective heat of combustion, residue content and heat release capacity. Empirical and theoretical approaches agreed to highlight that PMMA modified with monophosphonated comonomer is more efficient in both condensed and vapor phases in terms of flammability and char formation. These results were attributed to the ability of phosphonate groups to interact with ester groups and also to the weakness of the P–C–N bonds. Moreover, this study proposes a method for designing the chemical environment of phosphonate group in polymers to achieve better flame retardancy.


pmma, phosphonated copolymers, thermal stability, flammability
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